Florida Seminole Indians Miami

$9.19

Florida Seminole Indians Miami

  • Seminole history begins with bands of Creek Indians from Georgia and Alabama who migrated to Florida in the 1700s
  • Conflicts with Europeans and other tribes caused them to seek new lands to live in peace. Groups of Lower Creeks moved to Florida to get away from the dominance of Upper Creeks
  • Marcellus Osceola Jr. was elected the chairman of the Seminole Tribe of Florida
  • The Seminole people have been an important part of Florida history for more than 300 years.
  • These Indians came primarily from Alabama and Georgia, and although they were simply known as “Creeks” to the British, they spoke different languages and lived in independent towns. Different bands of Creeks established towns in north Florida and traded with both the British and Spanish.
  • After 1765, all Florida Indians were referred to as “Seminoles.” The name comes from the Spanish word cimarrón which means “wild” or “runaway.” However, a more fitting interpretation may be “free.
  • The U.S. military waged three wars against them; in fact, the Second Seminole War resulted in the majority of Seminoles being removed to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma.) Less than 200 survivors retreated deep into the Everglades and the military ended its hunt for them.
  • In the early 1950s, Seminole leaders, to avoid being cut-off from government funding, decided to organize as a federally-recognized sovereign tribe.

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